COVID 19 AND THE ENVIRONMENT
DEFINITION OF COVID 19 AND ENVIRONMENT
Covid-19 first struck in Wuhan, the capital of China’s Hubei province, at the end of 2019. Covid19 can also be known in full as coronavirus disease 2019, it is defined as an illness ranging from common cold to other severe respiratory diseases . Coronavirus are transmitted between animals and people. Common signs of infection include respiratory symptoms, fever, cough, shortness of breath and breathing difficulties. There are recommendations to prevent the infection spread of this disease, they include; regular hand washing, covering of the mouth and nose when coughing and sneezing, Avoid any close contact with anyone showing symptoms of the illness.
According to simple English definition, “An Environment is a place where different things are such as a swampy or hot environment”. This means that an environment consists of both living and non-living things, these living and non-living things interact through two elements which are biotic elements like animals, plants and abiotic elements like water, air.
However, Environment is everything around us. A person’s environment is the events and culture that the person lived in.
CORONAVIRUS AND THE IMPACT ON THE ENVIRONMENT
The coronavirus as had a big effect on the environment, but there are negative and positive impact in which Coronavirus has affected the environment.
1. INCREASE IN WASTE MANAGEMENT:
One of the negative impacts of the coronavirus pandemic on the environment is the increase of waste management, especially, medical wastes. Medical wastes resulting from these coronavirus including disposables at various hospitals where the coronavirus patients are being treated and also wastes from quarantine areas are not disposed appropriately and this will cause a lot of dangers to the environment if not disposed properly, some of these medical wastes includes; facial masks, shoes, glasses and gloves.
2. INCREASE ORGANIC WASTE: Other negative impacts of coronavirus pandemic on the environment is the increase of organics wastes. Organic wastes has Been a major set back in agriculture because of the decline in the availability of load (cargo) transportation services which has put a stop to the imports and exports of Goods.
3. INCREASE IN NON-RECYCLE WASTE: Due to an increase in health concerns, food retailers have resumed using single-use plastic bags at checkout points instead of reusable paper bags which was slowly becoming a norm before the pandemic.
1. DECREASING DEMAND FOR OIL: As a result of the decrease in fuel demands for various factories, there has been a big turn in the price of barrels of fuel per day due to the pandemic.
2. REDUCTION IN AIR POLLUTION : The breath Air quality has improved largely because of the reduction in road traffic, air traffic, and factory productions like gas.
3. AVAILABILITY OF FRESHWATER :With the majority of industries that have reduced activities, the water consumption of the industrial sector has reduced. Most hotels and health clubs are not functioning properly either, so a decrease in water consumption has been observed.
4. WILDLIFE IMPROVEMENT: The coronavirus pandemic has helped solve the issue to a limit where there has been an improvement in wild birds and animals in some countries like Peru and London.